Happy 135 Birth Anniversary Max Born! German Physicist, Mathematician, Nobel Prize Winner Celebrated by Google Doodle!
On the day of his 135 birth anniversary, Google doodle honors Max Born a German physicist for his contributions to quantum mechanics for which he was awarded, with fellow physicist Walther Bothe, a Nobel prize in 1954.
Max Born won the Nobel Prize in physics in 1954 for what is now known as the “Born Rule.” It is best explained as a quantum theory “that uses mathematical probability to predict the location of wave particles in a quantum system and his fundamental research in Quantum Mechanics, especially in the statistical interpretation of the wave function,” the awarding committee said at the time.
Born in Breslau, Germany [now Wroclaw, Poland] on December 11, 1882, he completed his Ph.D. from Göttingen University and became a professor of theoretical physics.
Born remained at Göttingen until April 1933, when all Jews were dismissed and forced out from their academic posts in Germany. Under the hostile political climate and rightly so anticipating darker days ahead, Born and his family immigrated to England, where he accepted a temporary lectureship at Cambridge, to finally settle at Edinburgh University where he taught until 1954 and did his most important work.
An atom is the smallest unit of matter. Quantum mechanics is a chapter of physics that studies matter at this incredibly granular level, leading to the invention of personal computers, lasers, and medical imaging devices (MRI), among other game-changing technologies.
In addition to winning the Nobel Prize, he was the recipient of numerous other awards. Born was awarded the Grosses Bundesver-dienstenkreuz and nine honorary doctorates. A member of numerous scientific societies, he also received the Stokes Medal (Cambridge, 1936), the Macdougall-Brisbane Prize (Edinburgh, 1945), the Max Planck Medal of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft and the Hughes Medal of the Royal Society.
Following his retirement in 1954, Max Born and Margaretehis wife, returned to Germany and he settled in the spa town of Bad Pyrmont. He died on January 5, 1970.